In 2017, the average number of employers in Iceland was 17,599 and the average number of employees was 188,600. This is an increase of 658 (3.9%) employers and 8,500 (4.7%) employees compared with 2016.

It should be noted that these figures do not include information on the self-employed with calculated remuneration, a setup common in construction, agriculture and creative industries.

Table 1: Number of employers and employees in selected activities¹
  Employers Employees December
  Dec. 2017 2016 2017 Change %
           
All activities   18,138 182,600 190,100 7,500 4
Fisheries (NACE no. 031, 102) 502 9,500 9,200 -300 -4
Manufacturing except fish processing (NACE no. 10-33 except 102) 1,077 17,100 17,100 0 0
Construction (NACE no. 41-43) 2,744 11,400 13,100 1,700 15
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 45) 503 3,400 3,500 200 5
Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 46) 1,029 9,000 9,100 100 1
Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 47) 888 15,300 15,900 600 4
Public administration, compulsory social security and education (NACE no. 84-85) 586 40,700 42,100 1,400 3
Human health and social work activities (NACE no. 86-88) 1,147 16,000 17,300 1,300 8
Tourism industries (NACE no. 491, 4932, 4939, 501, 503, 511, 551-553, 561, 563, 771, 7721, 79) 1,803 24,300 25,900 1,600 6
High technology manufacturing and services (NACE no. 20, 254, 26-30, 325, 53, 58, 60-63, 72) 950 13,300 13,600 300 2
Creative industries (NACE no. 3212, 58-60, 6201-6202, 7021, 7111, 731, 741-743, 8552, 90, 9101-9102) 1,690 9,400 9,300 -100 -2
¹ A detailed description of theese activities can be found in the metadata          


Causes of error and revision of statistics
The aforementioned figures are preliminary. Having income data as the source, there is a risk of underestimating the latest figures when employers do not submit information in a timely manner. Other causes of error include reimbursement to former employees. When new data are published, previous figures are revised. For more information on how figures are revised and the magnitude of recent revisions, please refer to the metadata  and the summary of revisions.

Previously published statistics on employers and employees have been revised, taking into account the latest available information on salaries and classification of employers based on their main economic activities.

The number of employers in October 2017 is now estimated as 17,892 and the total number of employees is estimated as 188,300. The number of employees increased by 7,900 (4.4%) from October 2016 to October 2017.
In December 2017, the number of employers and employees in October 2017 was estimated as 17.335 and 186.900, respectively. The number of employees was then estimated to have increased by 6,500 (3.6%) from October 2016 to October 2017.

Other statistics on business economy
Statistics Iceland publishes annual income and balance statements of enterprises by activity, based on tax returns, providing a detailed picture of the individual sectors for the period 2002-2016.

Statistics Iceland conducts a continuous labour force survey (LFS). The main results (e.g. unemployment) are published monthly and more detailed results (number of full time employees, working hours by industry etc.) are published annually. The labour force survey provides information on both employees and self-employed, and only people who are permanently living in Iceland are included in the sample. Hence, the LFS-figures are not the same as published in this press release. Data on the number of employers and employees should be used mainly as short-time indicators and to provide information on within-year variations.

Statistics
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