R&D expenditures in the business enterprise sector, higher education sector and the government sector were 55.7 billion ISK in 2017, or 2.13% of GDP. R&D expenditures were 53 billion ISK in 2016, or 2.12% of GDP.
The total turnover of enterprises in activities that are subject to VAT, excluding the pharmaceutical industry, amounted to 4,443 billion ISK in the twelve month period of September 2017 to August 2018.
The overall catch of Icelandic vessels in October was 113,656 tonnes, nearly the same as in October 2017. Demersal catch was just 46 thousand tonnes, 8% more than in same month last year.
During the 12 month period from September 2017 to August 2018, the average total number of employers in Iceland was 18,127 and the average number of employees was 192,800. This is an increase of 645 (3.7%) employers and 6,900 (3.7%) employees compared with the period from September 2016 to August 2017.
Iceland had the highest per capita emissions of carbon dioxide from the economy compared with EU and EFTA economies in 2016. Iceland was ranked third or fourth from 2008 to 2014, but emissions have increased since 2012 due to increased activity in air and marine transport.
According to preliminary figures for October 2018, the value of exported goods amounted to ISK 61,400 million fob and the value of imported goods amounted to ISK 73,100 million fob.