During the 12 month period from May 2017 to April 2018, the average total number of employers in Iceland was 17,866 and the average number of employees was 191,000. This is an increase of 635 (3.7%) employers and 8,100 (4.4%) employees compared with the period from May 2016 to April 2017.


In April 2018, there were 2,676 employers and about 13,100 employees in construction, the number of employees having increased by 1,400 (12%) compared with April 2017. During this 12 month period, the total number of employees increased by 5,500 (3%).

Table 1. Number of employers and employees in selected activities¹
  Employers Employees April
  April 2018 2017 2018 Change %
           
All activities   17,385 182,000 187,500 5,500 3
Fisheries (NACE no. 031, 102) 514 8,900 8,600 -300 -3
Manufacturing except fish processing (NACE no. 10-33 except 102) 1,031 16,700 17,000 300 2
Construction (NACE no. 41-43) 2,676 11,700 13,100 1,400 12
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 45) 491 3,400 3,500 100 4
Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 46) 964 8,600 8,700 200 2
Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE no. 47) 862 14,800 15,200 400 3
Public administration, compulsory social security and education (NACE no. 84-85) 585 39,800 41,600 1,800 4
Human health and social work activities (NACE no. 86-88) 1,130 15,800 16,300 500 3
Tourism industries (NACE no. 491, 4932, 4939, 501, 503, 511, 551-553, 561, 563, 771, 7721, 79) 1,754 25,500 25,900 400 2
High technology manufacturing and services (NACE no. 20, 254, 26-30, 325, 53, 58, 60-63, 72) 898 12,900 12,900 0 0
Creative industries (NACE no. 3212, 58-60, 6201-6202, 7021, 7111, 731, 741-743, 8552, 90, 9101-9102) 1,613 9,300 8,800 -400 -5
¹ A detailed description of theese activities can be found in the metadata 


Causes of error and revision of statistics
The aforementioned figures are preliminary. Having income data as the source, there is a risk of underestimating the latest figures when employers do not submit information in a timely manner. Other causes of error include reimbursement to former employees. When new data are published, previous figures are revised. For more information on how figures are revised and the magnitude of recent revisions, please refer to the metadata  and the summary of revisions.

Previously published statistics on employers and employees have been revised, taking into account the latest available information on salaries and classification of employers based on their main economic activities.
The number of employers in March 2018 is now estimated as 17,588 and the total number of employees is estimated as 186,800. The number of employees increased by 6,900 (3.8%) from March 2017 to March 2018.
In May, the number of employers and employees in March 2018 was estimated as 17,092 and 185,600, respectively. The number of employees was then estimated to have increased by 5,700 (3.2%) from March 2017 to March 2018.

Other statistics on business economy
Statistics Iceland publishes annual income and balance statements of enterprises by activity, based on tax returns, providing a detailed picture of the individual sectors for the period 2002-2016. 

Statistics Iceland conducts a continuous labour force survey (LFS). The main results (e.g. unemployment) are published monthly and more detailed results (number of full time employees, working hours by industry etc.) are published annually. The labour force survey provides information on both employees and self-employed, and only people who are permanently living in Iceland are included in the sample. Hence, the LFS-figures are not the same as published in this press release. Data on the number of employers and employees should be used mainly as short-term indicators and to provide information on within-year variations.

It should be noted that these figures do not include information on the self-employed with calculated remuneration, a setup common in construction, agriculture and creative industries. Statistics Iceland has started publishing register-based data on people in employment, including those who are on maternity leave or self-employed. That publication encompasses the number of employees by gender, age, background and legal residence. Those figures will be updated monthly on Statistics Iceland’s website.

Statistics
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