Balance of trade In the first nine months of 2018, the value of exported goods from Iceland amounted to ISK 433,900 million fob and the value of imported goods amounted to ISK 564,300 million fob (ISK 601,700 million cif). Thus there was a trade deficit, calculated on fob value, of ISK 130,400 million as compared with a trade deficit of ISK 135,100 million in the first nine months of 2017, at current rates of exchange.1 The deficit of balance of trade in goods was ISK 115,800 million excluding ships and aircraft, compared with ISK 122,500 million in the same period the year before.

Exports The total value of exports of goods in the first nine months of 2018 was ISK 59,100 million higher (15.8%) than in the same period the year before at current rates of exchange. Exported manufacturing products contributed 53.8% of total exported goods and their value was 14.9% higher than in the same period the year before. The increase between years can be linked to aluminum export. Marine products contributed 39.5% of the total exports and their value was 19.0% higher than in the same period the year before. The increase in marine product exports can partly be linked to a fisherman strike in early 2017.

Imports The total value of imports of goods in the first nine months of 2018 was ISK 54,400 million higher (10.7%) than in the same period the year before, at current rates of exchange, mainly because of increased imports of fuels, industrial supplies and aircraft investment.

The value of exports and imports in January - September 2017 and 2018
 Million ISK at current exchange rate   Change on prev.
  Jan - Sept year at current
  exch. rates, %
  2017 2018 Jan - Sept
       
Exports fob, total 329,974.0 388,412.6 17.7
Marine products 123,786.9 152,336.7 23.1
Agricultural products 13,001.1 12,348.4 -5.0
Manufacturing products 181,175.3 206,987.7 14.2
Other products 12,010.7 16,739.8 39.4
       
Imports fob, total 443,910.1 501,730.4 13.0
Food and beverages 37,568.0 40,249.6 7.1
Industrial supplies n.e.s. 118,463.7 135,497.4 14.4
Fuels and lubricants 46,128.3 73,728.3 59.8
Capital goods (except for transport) 94,704.9 105,954.9 11.9
Transport equipment 89,258.4 82,853.3 -7.2
Consumer goods n.e.s. 57,581.6 60,523.5 5.1
Goods n.e.s. 205.2 2,923.3 1324.6
       
Balance of trade -113,936.1 -113,317.8 0.0

¹ Statistics Iceland does no longer publish trade in goods at constant exchange rates. The breakdown of trade in goods by currencies is available on Statistics Iceland’s website.

Monthly figures of external trade for current year are revised together with the release of figures for new months. Annual figures are published in the first half of the year after the end of the reference year. The figures are considered as final at that point of time.

Statistics