In 2012, 1,952 persons died in Iceland, 951 men and 1,001 women. The crude death rate was 6.1 per 1,000 inhabitants.

Infant mortality rate in Iceland was 1.1 per 1,000 live births.

Life expectancy of males in 2012 was 80.8 years and 83.9 years for females in 2012.

Infant mortality in Iceland was lower than in any other European country in 2011, 0.9 per 1,000 live births. Sweden came closest to Iceland with an infant mortality rate of 2.1. The infant mortality was between 2.4 and 3.5 in the other Nordic countries. In 2011 the infant mortality rate in Europe was highest in Kosovo, 13.1 per 1,000 live births.

In 2011 mean life expectancy for Icelandic women was the sixth highest in Europe. The highest average life expectancy for women in Europe in 2011 was in France (85.0 years) and Spain (84.6 years). Mean life expectancy for Icelandic men was the highest in Europe in 2011 along with Switzerland, with an average expected life span of 79.8 years. Sweden was in third place with an average life span of 79.1 years.