Statistics Iceland has published a new article in Statistical Series, on Icelandic population development during 2014. It shows that on the 1st of January 2015 the population of Iceland was 329,100, compared with 325,671 on the 1st of January 2014, an increase of 1%. The population declined in three regions, primarily in the Northwest which lost 1.4% of its population in 2014. Five regions experienced a population increase, the region of Southwest gaining proportionally the most (2.1%).

Live births in Iceland were 4,375 in 2014. The number of boys was 2,233 and girls 2,142 or 1,042 boys for every 1,000 girls. There is a small increase in the number of births from the previous year when 4,326 children were born. The total fertility rate in 2014 was 1.93, the same as in 2013. In 2014, 2,049 individuals died in Iceland, 1,059 men and 999 women. The mortality rate was 6.3 per 1,000 inhabitants and the infant mortality rate was 2.1 per 1,000 life births. In 2014, the life expectancy at birth in Iceland was 80.6 years for men and 83.6 years for women.

The dependency ratio was 68.4% 1 January 2015, same as in the previous year. The dependency ratio is calculated as the ratio of the young and old age population relative to the working age population (defined as 20–64 years of age). The number of nuclear families, i.e. couples with or without children under the age of 18 years or parents with children under 18 years, was 79,354 on the 1st of January 2015, compared with 78,780 families at the same date in 2014.

Foreign citizens represented 7.4% of the population on the 1st of January 2015, the same proportion as in 2008. The number of foreign citizens was 24,294, 45.6% of them being Polish. In total, there were 39,223 people born abroad (12% of the population), the highest number ever.

Population development 2014 – Statistical Series