The population of Iceland at the end of the third quarter 2023 was 396,960, 205,310 males, 191,500 females and non-binary/other were 160. The population increased by 2,760 from the previous quarter. Inhabitants of the capital region were 252,390 and 144,570 lived in other regions.
A total of 1,160 children were born in the third quarter and 640 persons died. Net migration was 2,230 persons. Net migration of persons with Icelandic citizenship was 200, and 2,430 for foreign citizens. More males than females emigrated.
Denmark was the most popular destination for Icelandic citizens with 470 persons emigrating there in the quarter. Of the 1,010 Icelandic citizens who emigrated, 800 went to Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The largest group of the 1,540 foreign citizens who emigrated went to Poland, or 460.
Immigrants with Icelandic citizenship came mostly from Denmark, Norway or Sweden, 570 out of 810, while Poland was the country of origin for most of the foreign immigrants, 880 out of 3,970. Ukraine came second with 380 immigrants. Foreign citizens were 72,960, or 18.4% of the total population in Iceland by the end of the third quarter 2023.
The National Register of Persons is used to calculate the population.
Changes in population figures
The Census from January 2021 showed an overestimation of the number of inhabitants in the National Register of Persons. Statistics Iceland has subsequently worked on improved methods for estimating the population and intends to publish population figures on a new basis from the beginning of 2024.